What Jahrelangwie a brave fight of IT companies for protection of user data looked like, has found a abrupt end. In an absence of any parliamentary Anhörungdurchgeboxten law, at end of March, US Congress gave investigators worldwide access to servers owned by US companies. The EU Commission presented even more extensive plans this week. What is special about this: supplied by countries affected by legislation could allow ir ErmittlernZugriff on servers worldwide in mutual agreements. Regardless of ir location.
The background of controversial legislation in United States was a long-standing dispute over DenZugriff on data stored by US companies on servers abroad. The Supreme Court in United States should actually make a judgement this year as to wher Microsoft must issue emails from a US citizen from a server in Ireland. However, after decision of so-called Clarifying Lawful Overseas use of Data Act, shortly cloud Act (pdf), Supreme US Court declared case on Monday to be done. As a result, Microsoft is definitely committed to providing evidence from European servers to US authorities.
The cloud Actsieht also explicitly states that US will make intergovernmental agreements with foreign countries. They are to allow foreign investigating authorities denZugriff to data stored by US companies. In return, US investigators should also have access to data from US citizens stored in corresponding countries. The Datenschutzbestimmungendes or countries should not be considered. The previous system derRechtshilfeabkommen would be obsolete in se cases.
It is certainly not by chance that European Commission has on Monday a similar proposal. This also provides that law enforcement agencies around world can access data stored vonInternetfirmen ir services in EU. The companies are only allowed to refuse to issue electronic evidence if laws in ir home country are concerned with prohibition or data of persons from or countries.EU Commission already discusses with USA
From DiesemGrund, it is obvious that European States are concluding a government agreement with United States that allows for mutual aright data. On request from Golem. The EU Commission said that EU Justice Commissioner Věra Jourová had already been in US last month and discussed se issues with us JustizministerJeff sessions. She received "a strong mandate" from justice ministers of EU Member States in discussions with United States on a common solution for EUanzustreben. A spokesman for Federal Ministry also confirmed at Anfragevon golem.de that Keinebilaterale solution was sought between Germany and USA.
Bürgerrechtsorganisationenwie DieElectronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) warn that existing US Gesetzemit could be circumvented by government agreements. Thus, dieStandards would be weakened for review of search decisions. Foreign investigators could also intercept suspects in real time without having to comply with dieerhöhten requirements of US authorities. There is also a keineVorgaben of offences catalogue for data access. DieErmittler are neir obligated to inform person concerned, nor country in which person is staying or in which data saved. Not even a judicial confirmation of data access Seierforderlich.
For EU citizens, Cloud act could mean two things in connection with a government agreement: to einenerhielten investigators from any EU Member State access to data from all GroßenIT companies such as Google, Facebook, Apple, Microsoft or Amazon in USA. In future, however, Zumanderen would also have access to all stored data in Europe, regardless of wher y are US companies or europäischeAnbieter.
Depending on country in which United States concludes such an agreement, data of EU citizens could be tapped. This could be case, for example, if EinEU citizens are suspected of a crime in country in question, but ir personalities are stored in United States.
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