July 14, 2020 : the parade is replaced by a ceremony place de la Concorde

JULY 14, 2020 - Thursday 4 June, the Elysee has announced that the military parade on the Champs-Elysées is cancelled and will be replaced by a ceremony on the

July 14, 2020 : the parade is replaced by a ceremony place de la Concorde

JULY 14, 2020 - Thursday 4 June, the Elysee has announced that the military parade on the Champs-Elysées is cancelled and will be replaced by a ceremony on the place de la Concorde, which will pay tribute to all those who are engaged in the fight against the sars coronavirus.

Summary 14 July Parade Ceremony of 14 July 14 July 1789 14 July 1790 14 July and national day in France July 14 holiday Festival of July 14 Stores opened on the 14th of July

[updated 4 June 2020 at 12h07] Thursday, June 4, 2020, the Elysée palace has announced that the famous military parade that commemorates the history of 14 July on the Champs-Elysées will not take place this year 2020 due to the health crisis of the sars coronavirus. The air parade is maintained, and a ceremony will be held on the place de la Concorde, which will include "a device, tightened, reduced to 2 '000 participants and about 2,500 guests", in the respect of social distancing. The ministry of the Armed forces will soon be presenting the details of the event. According to the evolution of the health crisis, balls, and parades will be permitted.

The spokesperson of the government Sibeth Bdiaye had announced that the national holiday of July 14, 2020 " will be a further opportunity to express the homage and the gratitude of the nation to all those who are engaged in the fight against the Covid-19 ". "The president of the Republic wishes to have a recognition that is also symbolic, of the whole nation, against those who are involved in this epidemic and continue to do so", she continued.

The Legion of honor to reward the fight against the coronavirus

This year, the government has decided that a one-time promotion of the national Order of merit and of the Legion of honor will be released on the 1st of January 2021, and not as it is of tradition the 15 may and 14 July, and will include "a significant amount of people who contributed to the fight against the virus at all levels and in all areas of activity".

The government spokesperson has announced that the government would bring out a decoration dating back to the 1880s, created on the occasion of the cholera epidemic that had hit France in 1884, for "reward those who are committed during the crisis of the covid-19." A medal for, according to Sibeth Ndiaye, the people who have worked "in the care of the sick, screening, research, support of our health system, the manufacture of health products and protection, the protection of the most fragile, the pursuit of a professional activity and volunteer to ensure the operation of essential services".

the parade of The 14 July 2020 cancelled

With health concerns still unpredictable due to the crisis of the sars coronavirus, the president of the Republic Emmanuel Macron has taken the decision to cancel this famous parade of July 14, this year, 2020 . On the other hand, the executive would like to make from this date of July 14, a celebration symbolic of the end of the containment , the opportunity to pay tribute to the nursing staff and employees of the health services. "The national day of July 14 is a date psychological', he was entrusted to the Parisian.

Usually, the parade of the 14 July each year attracts thousands of participants. Highlight of the national holiday, it is traditionally held on the most beautiful avenue in the world, in the presence of the president of the Republic, the elite of the French army and of the regiments of French soldiers, on a theme that changes each year, and on exceptional occasions. He combines, therefore, traditionally military parade, street dancing, and the inevitable fireworks that bloom in the whole of France. Each year, the date of this memorable feast marks the French national holiday and symbolizes, in its own way, the real entrance in the summer and the school holidays.

But in fact, that famous-t-is traditionally the 14th of July ? Did you know that the date of 14 July as the date of national day was challenged for a long time, and one commemorates not, as is often believed, the storming of the Bastille in 1789 ? How the military parade, the street dancing or the fireworks have become essential moments of this day ? Here are the answers to the main questions which arise on the 14 July.

What is the story behind the ceremony of 14 July ?

After the July 14, 1880, the military parade, it becomes an institution. On July 14, 1919, marshals Foch, Joffre and Pétain parade riding on the Champs-Elysees from under the Arc de Triomphe to celebrate victory in the First world war, acquired a few months earlier. It is at this time that the traditional parade of 14th July takes up its quarters on the most famous avenue of Paris. After an eclipse during the Second world war, the parade of the 14 July takes on its current appearance with the proliferation of tanks and planes. Some presidents of the Republic provide, however, innovations of short duration.

During his term in office, Valéry Giscard d'estaing moves the d&comte;spun in other arteries of Paris, as the Course of Vincennes, a military School, or between Bastille and République to Bastille. In 1982, François Mitterrand blocked the parade at night. The ceremonial is perfectly oiled. The rehearsals of the parade usually takes place on the 12th of July, at dawn, two days before the key date. It opens with the passage of aircraft and helicopters. All in all, about 4,000 soldiers parading on the Champs-Elysées at a pace of 120 steps per minute. The students of prestigious schools such as Saint-Cyr come in full uniform. The market is traditionally closed by the units of the foreign Legion, famous for their beards, bulky and not slower.

That happened on July 14, 1789 ?

on The 14th of July, 1789, is in the minds of all when we talk about national Holiday. This summer, a great excitement prevails in Paris. In the Face of popular discontent, the king convened the States general, an assembly of representatives of the nobility, clergy and third state. These require a profound reform of the institutions and, on the 9th of July, proclaimed themselves a national constituent Assembly. The initiative has alarmed the king who is coming in secret of the regiments of swiss and germans in the vicinity of Versailles. The rumor soon that the royal troops were preparing to enter Paris to stop the mps. On July 12, a speaker harangue the crowd that he called to respond : it is Camille Desmoulins, mounted on a barrel, which announces a "Saint Bartholomew of the patriots".

On the morning of 14 July, Parisians angry will search for arms at the Invalides, and then head towards the old royal fortress of Bastille in search of gunpowder. After a day of shooting, bloody, and thanks to the rallying of national guards, the Parisians seized it and began its demolition. In the end, they only release a few prisoners and thugs without a scale. But this old medieval prison embodies the arbitrariness of the Old regime. In the lid, the Parisians are down a bulwark of absolutism. And this day, which marks the beginning of the Revolution, will be remembered as a day of freedom.

But surprise, surprise : our national day celebration will commemorate not directly on the 14 July 1789, even if this first day, revolutionary has a symbolic significance. The 14 July is officially a reference to another event, less well known, although learned by all students of French from a young age : the festival of the Federation, organized a year later, on July 14, 1790...

That fête-t-on the 14 July 1790 ?

After the summer of 1789, everywhere in the French provinces, were created as "federations," regional national guards. A reaction to the weakening of the central power. In order to control this spontaneous movement, the Paris Commune, under the leadership of Lafayette, decided to found a great national Federation, involving representatives from the local federations and the meet in Paris on 14 July 1790. The ceremony is intended to celebrate the storming of the Bastille, a year after the symbolic date, but also to bring a semblance of order and unity in a country in crisis.

The day said, 14 000 soldiers federated arrive in Paris, and marching under the banner of their department, from the Bastille to the Field-of-March. On an esplanade, fitted up for the occasion, a high mass is celebrated, after which the king Louis XVI swears to maintain the Constitution decided by the national Assembly". The 400 000 Parisian present on the day acclaim him their king : the monarchy is not questioned. The aspiration for the union of national triumph and the ceremony turns into a great popular celebration. But national reconciliation will be short-lived. Two years later, the king was arrested and sentenced to death.

Engraving of the statue erected in Republic square in Paris in 1883. © Patrick Guenette / 123RF Why the 14th of July became the national holiday of France ?

For nearly a century, the commemoration of 14 July was abandoned. She reappears in 1880, under the Third Republic. The plan to consolidate, looking to build a new national imaginary, around symbols republicans. It is as well as the "Marseillaise" became the official anthem and the 14th July national holiday. But the proposal, which emanates from the member of parliament for the Seine, Benjamin Raspail, is not accepted unanimously by the Assembly. Some mps question the violence of the July 14, 1789. And finally it is around the 14 July 1790 is the consensus !

This year, we also opened the monument surmounted by the statue of the Republic square, and everywhere are given concerts and fireworks. "The July column" which overlooks the place de la Bastille, it does not refer to the 14 July 1789. It bears the name of the victims of the days revolutionary of July 1830, the "Three glorious days".

The 14 July is it a holiday ?

A decree of 6 July 1880 established a military parade that we know today. This event must then clear the memory of the military defeat suffered during the war of 1870, the loss of Alsace and part of Lorraine in profit of the German Empire, and to strengthen the Republic which has not yet ten years old. The first edition of the military parade takes place at the Longchamp racecourse, where he remained until 1914. The parade of the 14 July will then continue and become a staple of the national day.

But the act of 1880 also installs the 14 July as a holiday. The idea is then to give a day not worked to the French to participate in the commemorations, but also listen to their president. From the 14 July 1880, at 12.30 pm, the guns of Mont Valerien thunder above the Seine before to be quiet for a speech by the president of the Republic, Jules Grévy. The diary is in ecstasy in front of a "magnificent spectacle [...] as the July sun shone its most radiant colours", referring to "a living symbol of the union between these two forces have been too long separated, the army and the nation." The popular newspaper continues : "the deep emotion, inexpressible, which he held for twenty minutes, a hundred thousand breasts breathless, we can say that for the crowd who thronged around the regiments massed, the presentation of the flags was of its true meaning : the reconstitution of France, the reconstitution of its national army, claiming finally to the face of the country".

The 14 July parade is organized on the Champs-Elysées, in Paris. © Gérard ROBERT what is the feast of the 14th of July ?

over The years, the 14 July is known to many adventures, but also the developments that have turned it into a festival general or global, involving all the French in celebrations more festive and popular. In 1886, a woman, cantinière of the 131st infantry regiment, runs for the first time. In 1915, the parade of the military moves of the Champs-de-Mars to the Champs-Elysées and in 1919, the "parade of victory" brings together on-the-spot all the forces of allied countries.

In 1936, the trade unions have joined, in their own way, to the party. After the military parade, a million person march on the call of trade union organizations. From 1939 to 1945 in occupied Paris, the day is not celebrated. On July 14, 1940, in London, general de Gaulle reiterated his calls for the resistance. But in July 1945, to celebrate the Release everywhere in France. Every year since, the 14th of July is the opportunity to shoot fireworks, and organize dances popular... In the whole of France, of the events are organized on the 14th of July or the night before.

The original balls of 14 July, and including the famous firemen's ball, is also uncertain. For many, this tradition dates back to the beginning of the Twentieth century, and was born of the frustration of the firefighters of not being able to participate in this great celebration. Some were indeed responsible for the scroll with the other members when the other had to stay alert to prevent the incident, and fire, common, you know, when fireworks are set off. During a July 14, undetermined, firefighters would have invited the traffic and dancing at the entrance of their barracks. Each year, this event has developed and installed until the friendly fire fighters are organizing their own prom, every year, the 13 or 14 July. For others, it is the date of July 14, 1937, which marked the beginning of the balls of fire. In Paris, at Montmartre, a sergeant by the name of Cournet would have decided one day to him also to open the doors of his barracks, giving birth to a grand feast, reports Release that has investigated this tradition in 2014. This version of the story is such resumption on the website of the firefighters of Paris.

The stores, are they open on the 14th of July ?
Date Of Update: 11 June 2020, 14:57

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