In France, it is better to be a beneficiary of the RSA in the Sarthe and in the Ardennes: this is one of the lessons of the latest edition of the annual survey on guidance and accompaniment of the beneficiaries of this aid rendered by the Drees (Directorate for research, studies, evaluation and statistics), attached to the ministry of Health. For the year 2017, these data highlight the improvements in the device in order to advise the people supported, but point the finger of strong geographical disparities with regard to the way in which the various territories meet this mission.
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nationally, almost all (98%, or 2.1 million people) of the beneficiaries of the RSA is subject to the rights and duties related to this social benefit: the assets, for example, are forced to search for employment, to undertake the steps to start their own business or follow the "integration actions". In exchange, the departmental services should offer them professional support, and social "adapted to their situation", which can be carried out by Pôle emploi, social services or even a organization investment. The set of mutual obligations, is included in a contract signed between the two parties. The major part of the beneficiaries is supported by the Pôle Emploi, which receives 44% of the people-oriented, against 30% for the county council or territorial governments and 5% to an agency of the public employment service other than the job center, as a local mission or a support structure for business creation.strong disparities in local
so far, the study of the Drees shows that the services of the State do not fulfil this supporting role with the same efficiency: by the end of 2017, 17% of RSA beneficiaries had not been referred to a "pathways to integration" by local communities, compared to 20% two years earlier. The service believes that a person is "oriented" from the moment she "has a organization a single point of contact". If, on the whole, this figure has declined, very strong disparities remain at the departmental scale. The Ardennes, Haute-Garonne, or the Puy-de-Dome have all three rates cover less than 60%, and the first department reaches only 48%. Conversely, other jurisdictions were facing, by the end of 2017, almost all of their beneficiaries: this is notably the case of the Alpes-Maritime, Côtes-d'armor, in the Pas-de-Calais, Sarthe and Paris.
Logically, this proportion decreases with time: at the end of six months, nearly a quarter of RSA beneficiaries was not yet accompanied, compared to 12% after one year, 15% between one and two years and 12% thereafter. These statistics are again improved for 2015, but the data on departmental reveal serious delays in the orientation of the people: the Haute-Loire and Haute-Garonne report both rates cover after six months of only 45%, when the High-Corsican, the Ardennes and Nièvre, are oriented less than 30% of their beneficiaries.
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The beneficiaries must be patient: "94 days" the average time between application of the RSA and the orientation towards a path of insertion, a period that can even extend up to 151 days in the High Alps, 161 days in the Haute-Loire or 162 days in the Yonne, which is more than five months. Conversely, the average time the lowest are to be found in Seine-Saint-Denis, in the Yvelines, in Savoy, in the Meurthe-et-Moselle and Eure-et-Loir: 130 days - more than four months apart and the average duration of waiting of this department and that of the Yonne.Updated Date: 08 February 2019, 00:00