Where is it better to work in France after 50 years?

In metropolitan France, it is better to be a senior active in Auvergne, Rhone-Alps or in the area of paris in the Hauts-de-France. According to the latest data

Where is it better to work in France after 50 years?

In metropolitan France, it is better to be a senior active in Auvergne, Rhone-Alps or in the area of paris in the Hauts-de-France. According to the latest data released Thursday by the Insee, strong differences remain between the employment rates of 50-64 year-olds, representing the share of assets occupied within this age class. On the whole territory, more than six senior citizens out of ten are in employment (61,5%), a few years of retirement, a rate which has been rising for several years: it peaked at 53.3 per cent in 2007.

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The differences in employment rates between the areas are notable: the senior ile-de-france are active for almost 69% of them on average, when the six regions have a rate of less than 60%. The Hauts-de-France to maintain the ratio is lower with 55.8% of older workers in employment only. All in all, the Insee divides the regions, the Île-de-France, in three groups: those with an employment rate of older workers is higher and unemployment lower than the average (mainly regions in the west, including Britain and the New-Aquitaine but also Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes) ; those with an employment rate relatively low explained by unemployment is more marked, or a participation less important for older workers in the labour market (Provence-Alpes-Côte d'azur and Corsica, Occitania, or the Normandie) ; and a last group is made up solely of the Hauts-de-France, marked by a relatively low employment rate for all age groups, seniors included.

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The Île-de-France is an exception, its rate of employment is significantly higher than in the other territories for both sexes. The Insee explains this difference by the presence of officers, who, in the course of their careers, are generally in better health, are less unemployed and enter and then come out later than in the rest of the labour market. For the institute, this difference is also accentuated by a migration phenomenon observable among the seniors who are no longer in employment and who prefer to leave the region either to take their retirement in a place with a higher quality of life, or to find work. Therefore, the people remaining will be more of the assets, which inflates the overall figure.

The senior active less favoured than men

Finally, the study highlights the strong disparities between men and women: "in all regions, all ages, women have less access to employment than their fellow male. The disparity on this last point varies according to regions, ranging from less than one percentage point in the Countries of the Loire to the more than seven points to Occitania, Burgundy-Franche-Comté and Provence-Alpes-Côte-d'azur. However, the facts are reversed with age: men are more numerous in the employment of 50 to 59 years, before being supplanted by the women of 60 to 64 years of age. For this last class of age, the employment rate of women is higher than men, "in almost all the regions". Insee sees it as a sign of the precarious economic situation of women, who prefer to lengthen their duration of activity to compensate for the most out of their careers less remunerative, marked by interruptions such as motherhood. The amplitude of the rate of employment is also greater for women, older workers, ranging from 52% in the Hauts-de-France to 62% in Auvergne, Rhône-Alps, when one of the men of the same age evolves less, from 59% to 65% only.

More active, so, seniors are not necessarily better off. In its latest study on the subject, published last July, the national statistics institute pointed out that the remarkable increase of the employment rate of older workers in the last ten years was mainly driven by two elements. On the one hand, the use of part time jobs has taken off in recent years within the older population: 20.6% of 50-64 year-olds and up to 30.7% of the 60-64 years of age were working as well part-time in 2017. On the other hand, the share of employment of limited duration has also increased by 2.1 percentage points among 50-64 year-olds, a figure which increases again with age studied. So far, Insee stated that these forms of employment are not always forced: among those part-time, for example, only a quarter of older workers would like to work more, compared to more than a third of 25-49 year-olds.

Updated Date: 16 February 2019, 00:00

Kathleen Lees


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