Renewable energy displace in Germany, the fossil, but the domestic problems are for the time being, unresolved. The future presses prospects.
FREIBURG taz | Germany fight has generated in the year 2019 as much wind power as never before and, therefore, a good 22 per cent of its gross electricity consumption covered The wind was force with 127 billion kilowatt-hours for the first time, the largest producer of electricity in front of the brown coal, with 114, and the gas with 91 billion.
despite this, the sector is overall in crisis. Because at the same time, so few new wind turbines were built in Germany in 2019, on Land erected as never before since the introduction of the Renewable energy sources act in the year 2000. In the first eleven months of last year, the Federal network Agency went to Pay just the rotors with 728 megawatts to the grid, up to the end of the year, there were approximately 850 megawatts. Less than 1,000 megawatts, a Gigawatt, was the installation of the last one in 1998.
It is a bitter slump after a boom phase. Since 2013, goods to the country each year about three gigawatts of been build before, then it went down from 2018 solid. In the peak year 2017, many wind turbines had been erected with more than five gigawatts of power: Because the Federal government has changed in the year, the remuneration system, to secure many of the old, statutory fixed feed-in tariff.
for the First time now in 2019 in Germany has installed more wind power at sea than on Land. On 1.088 MW, the Federal network Agency estimates that Offshore expansion in the first eleven months. But also for the wind power in the sea, it looks over the next two years is not good. Only then, it is likely that, in view of the plans of the policy is on the up again.
Therefore, the wind industry is currently "in a serious crisis," as the Federal Association of wind energy, wrote in December. The policy should take "a responsibility now for the energy transition and employment in the wind industry, by speedily as possible improvements in the approval process, as well as in the allocation of land and the legal security of wind energy projects brought about". The SPD is therefore proposed, and lastly, a wind citizens ' money, in order to increase the acceptance of wind turbines in the population.
Meanwhile, the photovoltaic power in Germany is coming after some very poor years better. Until November 2019, the solar power systems were installed with 3.6 gigawatts, the highest value since 2012. In the years 2014 to 2017, it was less than two gigawatts.
The German solar industry Association (BSW) identifies as the "most important growth impulses", the falling prices for solar equipment prices and at the same time increasing power, but also the climate debate. Finally, the electric mobility play a role, because the cheapest energy for the battery of the vehicle you get today from your own roof.
The wind industry is currently "in a serious crisis,"
However, it could be for photovoltaics in the coming years, of heavy. Because the Renewable energy sources act defines a target of only 2.5 gigawatts of new installed capacity, it is more drops, the feed-in tariff faster, the operator of the facilities, if you feed the electricity into the grid. By the year 2021 there could be, therefore, the profitability of the plants is critical, if the current is not largely used even.
The BSW warns already, the planned nuclear and coal phaseout could lead to supply shortages, if a year does not have at least 10 gigawatts of new Solar capacity to be built. In total, are now installed around 50 gigawatts of photovoltaics. The sun revealed consumption in the year 2019, more than eight percent of electricity and is expected to surpass soon the coal.Updated Date: 06 January 2020, 09:00