The climate package will help the economy. Of the middle Economists to benefit the trade unions, especially better-paid.
BERLIN taz | The Institute for macroeconomics and economic research (IMK) criticized the social impact of the climate package of the Federal government. It is low-income households have a greater negative effect, while the relief especially better-off benefit. "It's a social compensation is more necessary," said Sebastian Dullien, Director of the Institute of the Union-affiliated Hans-Böckler-Foundation at the launch of the economic policy of the year Outlook.
Overall, the climate package was economically viable, the CO2-price point, however, "the question of an effective social welfare net," said Dullien. A CO2-price of 35 Euro per ton of leads, according to the calculations of the Institute's annual expenditure of 89 euros per Person. The households with the lowest incomes have also made a three times as high a proportion of their net income for the price of dough to spend, like high-income households. 2021 pricing should start at around € 25, 2023 35 Euro are to be achieved.
To mitigate the impact of the expenditure have not been decided by the Federal government, although compensatory mechanisms, these handles, but for all income classes equally. Due to the reduction in the EEG levy and the proposed increase in the Commuter tax people with high incomes benefited particularly, said Dullien. Who earn less than the basic exemption amount of 9.408 Euro in the year, have, however, in spite of the promised mobility premium Disadvantage.
Similarly, the reduction of VAT in the long-distance transport of the Deutsche Bahn interactive from 19 to 7 percent. In addition, the better-off were, because people with little money would not afford the relatively expensive tickets, said the Economist with reference to passenger surveys. Only the increase of the housing allowance by 10 per cent in the year 2021, the unequal distribution of the load in the opposite eect.
Again Dullien called for more investments in connection with the climate package. Instead of the estimated 25 billion euros in the coming 4 years, the IMK holds 155 billion euros in the next 10 years is necessary.Updated Date: 08 January 2020, 11:00