Theorizing about the regional inequality is relatively easy; it is an operation “in hindsight”, since causes and effects are already on the ground; studies on the phenomenon tend to be abundant and the descriptions mourners, economic or aesthetic, have already made their impact on readers and analysts. In addition, the abstraction is a powerful ally. Describe the regional inequality in a concrete and intelligible because it is more difficult. You can start, of course, for the statistics to have a photographic image of reality. The numbers say that in two decades the andalusian economy has doubled, but, nevertheless, maintained an unemployment rate of nearly 23%, the rate of youth unemployment is at 46% (the national average is 33%) and, in spite of the several modes of funding support from the european funds, a BIRD supposedly vitalizador, the mechanisms of levelling and of all rodeos-thought-out and executed to boost production and employment, not able to reduce the differences of wealth with the Spanish average. With 18% of the population, Andalusia is 13% of the national wealth and its per capita income is not converging with the Spanish.
why not back Andalucia? Therefore, without entering into a tide of details, because areas of lower economic growth and with low incomes have huge difficulties to reverse the situation and move closer to the wealthier areas. For a region such as the andalusian will occur in a point to the Spanish average has to be multiplied at least by two the investment game. The effort is not directly proportional to the stretch that you want to go through when the curve of wealth has to be ascending. In the situations of the game as the Andalusian produces the feeling, demoralizing, that all the efforts traditional are vacant. Of course, there is that increasing resources in education and training. But it is required that the results of such training are held on the field andalusian. You have to invest more, since then, but knowing that, as has been said, the relationship between investment and wealth is not one-to-one. Of course you have to increase the number of businesses, but industrial enterprises. The abuse of the service sector is a sure path to instability and the deepening of differences in wealth (GDP) and income.
And now, the crux of politics. It is not possible a recovery of wealth, understood as an approximation to the Spanish average, with no two economic policies: the central Government and the autonomous communities. It is clear that, as in the case of other regions, the economic policy of the State has been spasmodic. After expos and poultry, administrative silence. Since 2012, the overall economic policy has consisted in a race to reduce social protection and public investment. The global environment has suffocated the regional recovery potential. The communities were required to have a budget constraint greater than the State and in this way have been getting rickety approaches to the deficit reduction goals of the State. Always stockings, never at all, in spite of the damage caused in the well-being of all citizens and in particular of those that live in regions more depressed.
In terms of economic policy at autonomous community, Andalusia in particular, it is most appropriate to say that has been conspicuous by its absence. The regional policy ruling has been and is the distribution of social protection, combined with contributions marginal to small infrastructure. Anything that creates momentum or value added.Updated Date: 27 November 2018, 20:30