Mini-jobs and the minimum wage: the Two faces of

450-Euro-Jobs have to be abolished, even calling the employer. Because of the rising minimum wage creates problems in terms of the content. Under cleaning for

Mini-jobs and the minimum wage: the Two faces of

450-Euro-Jobs have to be abolished, even calling the employer. Because of the rising minimum wage creates problems in terms of the content.

Under cleaning forces are to be found many "mini-jobbers" Foto: imago-images/Sven Simon

BERLIN taz | The call of mini-jobs is bad. You the cliché of the strengths of the low-wage sector. But now employers demand, of all things, that the minor form of employment is deleted. The 450-Euro income limit for mini-jobbers inside was a "discrimination," says Christopher Lück, speaker of the Federal Guild Association of the building cleaning craft. "We would prefer it, the minor employment would be abolished."

Background of the claim, the increase in the wages in the building cleaner craft for 1. January, 2020. The generally binding sector minimum wage will rise from 10,56 to 10.80 euros gross per hour. The Problem: The cleaning staff, not as a "mini-jobbers" working so far, exactly to earn an income of 450 euros per month, employers pay just a slightly higher monthly wage.

Because the earnings would exceed the 450-Euro-limit for the so-called marginal employment. The work would be in order to a normal subject to social insurance contributions part-time job, for workers, contributions to health and pension insurance would be due. In the end, you would net less in your pocket.

the 450-Euro-limit is the equivalent of the wage increase, therefore, in leisure time. "The workers don't get any more from 2020 onwards net, but 15 minutes of free time in the week," says Lück, "you are discriminated against because they can't have the wage increase part of it."

The Problem could be solved, that the earnings limit for social security would be raised-free marginal employment, which should make the policy. An increase in the 450-Euro-border, have demanded of the Bundestag, the Union recently. For employers in the cleaning of buildings, this would be a possible abolition of mini-jobs but only "the second-best solution," says Lück.

Otherwise, the Hotel and restaurant Association Dehoga is the. "We need the mini-jobs to the peak times on the weekend due to temporary workers to cover," says the Association's main managing Director, Ingrid Hartges. In the gastronomy many Workers are paid the legal minimum wage. There's also a 1. January increases, the gastronomy a similar Problem as the cleaning of buildings: The wage increase can be converted to the 450-Euro-Jobber in the reduction of working time.

The 450-Euro-limit for mini-jobs has not been increased since the year 2013, the statutory minimum wage is increased from 2015 to 2019, steadily. Today, the limit for mini-jobs would have to be a calculator for almost 500 euros, in order to be the wage for the same working time increases, says Hartges.

The trade unions would abolish the mini-jobs in the previous Form of the loved one, even because the employees Deposit no pension contributions, and mini-jobs therefore apply to you as a cause of poverty in old age.

In contrast to popular belief, mini-jobs are not a form of employment for the company particularly cheap, stresses Lück. On the merit of the mini jobberin, the employer must pay 30 percent flat tax and employer's contributions for the social insurance plan. On the gross wage of a social insurance for the employees, the employer must pay, in contrast, only about 20 percent social security contributions. This is also the reason why the cleaning of buildings on the minor form of employment would do without.

"But many workers want the mini-jobs," says Lück. These include not only the often-cited added-earning wives, but also the secondary jobber. Anyone who has a social security liable Job and by the way, even as a mini jobberin works, you can retain additional earnings without any deductions. Only he or she then acquires no pension rights from the additional earnings.

60 percent of all mini-jobbers are employed inside only slightly, including the wives fall, but also pensioners and students. The number of drops. 40 percent of all mini-jobbers are people with a different main job, this increases the proportion.

In the economic boom of the past ten years has increased the number of mini-jobs by 6 percent, while the employment subject to social insurance increased in the same period, but by 20 percent, according to the statistics of the Federal employment Agency. Of a crowding-out of employment subject to social insurance through the mini-jobs the speech, therefore, is not currently.

Updated Date: 06 January 2020, 19:00

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