Mask required : in enclosed public places, outdoors... We make the point

The mask is about to become mandatory in the three largest communes of France : Paris, Marseille, Lyon. In which municipalities is it taxed ? Summary Stores an

Mask required : in enclosed public places, outdoors... We make the point

The mask is about to become mandatory in the three largest communes of France : Paris, Marseille, Lyon. In which municipalities is it taxed ?

Summary Stores and public places of Business outside In car in Paris from what age ? Remove his mask Visor Mask free stocks The sanctions essentially By a decree of 31 July, the port of the mask may be extended public places opened by order of the prefect . To date, more than 1 400 municipalities are subject to this measure, including Lille, Nice, Toulouse, Metz, Biarritz or La Rochelle. Marseille and many cities of the île-de-France will be involved shortly. The areas involved are often : pedestrian zones, public procurement, green urban spaces and places highly tourist . Traveling in Dordogne, Olivier Veran has stated that " the risk of suspected transmission of aerosol [...] justifies taking all means possible to fight against the virus ", including the obligations of wearing the mask. In France, since July 20, the mask-wearing is compulsory in all the public places ended . This is in response to an increase of the circulation of the Covid-19 on the national territory The e wearing a mask is it really effective ? masks, of all kinds, limited secretion droplets and the diffusion of the aerosols (see our article on the modes of transmission of the coronavirus). In a press release, the Directorate general of Health called on the French to "never wet" masks, "even though it may provide a feeling of refreshment" in this period of heat wave. The answers to the key questions In what public places, the mask is mandatory ? Sports halls and sports facilities are covered. For the gyms, the Sports ministry clarified that the members may remove their mask only "at the time of making the sport" and will have to wear "the rest of the time." Cinemas, museums, libraries, show rooms. For cultural institutions and leisure are concerned : the concert halls, and cinemas ; games rooms ; museums ; libraries and documentation centres ; the institutions of the open air. Hotels, campsites, cottages. In relation to places of resort, are affected by the mask-wearing compulsory for the hotels and guesthouses ; the mountain refuges and hotels of altitude. Transport. The port of the mask remains binding in the bus stations and sea ports and at the airports. Also, article 11 of the decree of may 31, 2020, provides that "any person of eleven years or more door, on board aircraft engaged in public transport to, from or within the national territory, as soon as the boarding, a type mask, surgical, single-use." De facto, the masks, the so-called "general public" or "home-made" are prohibited on board aircraft. The port of the mask is also mandatory at bus stops. Schools, holiday centres and leisure centres. In the areas of childhood and education, the wearing of masks mandatory for the institutions to awakening, education and training ; holiday resorts ; leisure centres without accommodation. Bars, cafes and restaurants. As for the déconfinement, wearing a mask is mandatory in restaurants, pubs and mountain restaurants. Customers can remove them only when they are sitting at their table. Hearing rooms and conferences. The rooms of hearings, conferences and meetings are affected by the mask-wearing mandatory. Places of worship. The mask is mandatory in the institutions of worship (churches, mosques, synagogues...) Marquees, tents, buildings. Wearing a mask is mandatory in marquees, tents, structures and institution floating. Banks and government agencies. The obligation also concerns the authorities and banks. Shops. The shops, malls and covered markets are affected by the mask-wearing mandatory. © Department of Health, What is the regulation in the company on the wearing of the mask ?

The companies are not directly subject to wearing a mask mandatory. Only companies falling under the above categories are concerned. For others, the national protocol for déconfinement for the enterprises indicates that the regulations in force. In the present case, the mask is mandatory to the extent that telework and gestures barriers cannot be applied. The department clarified that "in case of rebound effective of the epidemic, the government does not exclude the strengthening of "restrictions" to ensure the health and safety of the employees.

The visor can it be an alternative to the mask ?

the ministry of Health, alerted by this concern, has given clarification on this point. For the public authorities, if "the visors are an additional means of protection against viruses transmitted through droplets," "they are not intended to replace the masks for the general public". In enclosed public places covered by the obligation of wearing a mask, people wearing a visor and not a mask may be subject to a fine of 135 euros.

is it possible to remove his mask in enclosed public places ?

If the port mask is mandatory, it is possible to get rid of it in certain conditions. In the restaurants, cafes and hotels, the masks can be removed at the table, if social distancing is adhered to. In sports halls, the mask may &our vision tobe removed "at the time of the sport," says the ministry of Sports, again, if aloofness is guaranteed. In the cinema and theatre, the spectators can also temporarily remove their mask, with the condition that there is an empty seat between each person.

The mask is it mandatory to the outside ?

By a decree of July 31, 2020, the prefects are empowered to "extend the obligation of wearing a mask in public places that are open." Olivier Veran has noted, "the decision may be made locally, depending on the evolution of the epidemic in each jurisdiction."

On national territory, the list of municipalities where the port of the mask is mandatory in the outside lengthens. 69 communes of the Mayenne are affected by this measure. The tourist towns of Nice, La Rochelle or even Bonifacio has made the port of the mask required in the busiest places, especially the edges of the sea. From that day on, in Toulouse, the mask is imposed in some streets of the pink city.

Martin Blachier, medical epidemiologist in Paris, has put in doubt the effectiveness of these measures. "All of the clusters documented are indoors : bars, offices, holidays in houseboats. There is almost no cluster identified in the outside, even after the music Festival. It is necessary to continue to maintain the mask in enclosed areas, but to want to impose it everywhere, is not based on scientific facts very solid", he explained on RTL. According to the specialist, "requiring people to wear it on the outside under 40 degrees will add to the nervousness in the society."

The mask is it mandatory in a car ?

the Different cases are presented at the time to evoke the port of the mask car. Wearing a mask, obviously, is not imposed if you are travelling on your personal vehicle, either alone or with others, even if it is a good idea to wear if you go shopping, for example. This will prevent you from touching it repeatedly for your mask, which is potentially the bearer of droplets contaminated. On the other hand, in the case of a journey to the edge of a car, taxi or VTC, the port mask is then compulsory. The driver is subject to the same rule, except if the car is fitted with a protective wall between the front seat and back. In the framework of a trip in carpools, wearing a mask is also mandatory.

The mask is it compulsory to Paris ?

According to information of the World, the mask is becoming mandatory in Paris and in the small - large crown. Initially confined to the capital, the State is preparing a decision on the scale of the Ile-de-France in the areas that were deemed problematic. The prefecture of Paris said that "this will be, in principle, for the next week, the time that discussions were held with the prefects in all the departments of the region."

from what age the mask is mandatory ?

The answer is clear : according to the decree published on Saturday 18 July in the official Journal. It provides that "any person of 11 years must wear a mask in public in enclosed public places, in addition to the application of gestures barrier". Below this age, parents are free to require their children to wear a mask, but it is not recommended for children under 3 years. The risks of choking are shown for very young children, as was also explained Edouard Philippe, a former Prime minister, to the national Assembly in April last. "Wearing a mask is prohibited for children in kindergarten", it said.

Who can benefit from a mask free ?

the president of the Republic has to be ruled out that the State makes free the masks for all the French, considering that the cost could not be "supported by the taxpayer". But some people can benefit from a mask free of charge. The people tested positive for coronavirus and their "case contacts" may prescribe 14 masks per week, delivered by a pharmacy. The the most fragile people, diagnosed "with very high medical risk" have access to 10 masks free of charge per week.

in addition, the minister of Health, on 21 July, that the "distribution of masks free" to the destination of the more vulnerable population would be "reactivated". Are concerned : the beneficiaries of the complementary health solidarity (e.g. CMU-C or ACS). Olivier Véran, on France 2 on July 22 reported that the State was "40 million masks in general public washed, used 30 times" at the disposal of "7 million French who are at the poverty level - the beneficiaries of the complementary health solidarity", through the Mail, "so as to not require any process". Note : in the Île-de-France, the region will be distributing masks free of charge to high school students in ile-de-france in September, but also members of the associations partners of the region.

is there a risk of a shortage ?

Asked on BFMTv, Agnès Pannier Runacher, minister déléguée to the Industry, has assured that "there will be no problem of stock of masks in France." "In terms of distribution channel, in terms of production capacity, it is widely in ability to serve all the French ", a-t certified. Currently, the weekly production of French amounted to " 50 million masks for health. "In the beginning of the year, 3.5 million were produced per week. As masks, and the general public, "we have a production capacity that is not activated today because it has too much production capacity in France — 25 million masks, textiles, washable reusable ", has detailed the minister.

Agnès Pannier Runacher invited the French to prefer the masks for the "general public" because "they are very filter (...), a lot more environmentally friendly and, for the most part made in France." These devices "may last for 20 weeks or 30 weeks," and are "significantly better for the budget of the homes." The minister has also denied the budget masks " 75 € per person and per month." According to her, the debate is " totally delusional ".

What is the penalty incurred for not wearing a mask ?

The fine in force in case of non-respect of wearing a mask is mandatory 135 euro. In case of recidivism within 15 days, the fine increases to € 1 500.

© Ministry of Health, The different types of mask, The masks for respiratory protection

The masks of respiratory protection equipment personal protection type FFP 1 (filtration of 80 % of the aerosols) - 2 (filtration of 94 % of the aerosols) - 3 (filtration of 99 % of the aerosols). These meet the requirements of safety and health european. These devices protect the wearer of the mask against inhalation of suspended particulate matter in the air may contain infectious agents. The wearing of a mask FFP may not exceed a maximum duration of four hours, knowing that the labour Code provides for a 20-minute break every six hours. The equipment must be disposed of once soiled.

surgical type masks

surgical type masks are medical devices. They meet requirements of safety and health the european. The surgical masks to avoid the projection of the droplets produced by the wearer of the mask, this mask limits the contamination of the outside environment and other people. For the " general public ", there are models of single-use, non-sterile. The port of the device may not exceed four hours. The equipment must be disposed of once soiled.

The masks the so-called "general public"

The masks the so-called "general public" are devices textiles, filtration warranty, often washable and reusable. These have been developed in the context of the epidemic of Covid-19 in compliance with the specifications of the national security Agency of medicines and health products (MSNA), and in connection with the national Agency of sanitary safety of food, environment and labour (ANSES). These masks must exhibit properties of filtration greater than 90% of the particles of 3 µm (category 1) or greater than 70% of these same particles (category 2). A logo must be affixed to the mask or its packaging. These masks for the "general public" need to be changed every four hours. According to an opinion of the ANSES, the washing of the equipment must be carried out in the washing machine with a detergent appropriate to the fabric of which the cycle will include, at minimum, a plateau of 30 minutes at 60°C. The mask should then be dried in its entirety, the dryer, the hairdryer or in the open air on a support clean and sanitized, then passed back to the vapor at the temperature specified by the manufacturer (about 120° to 130°)."

The masks AFNOR and "home-made"
Updated Date: 07 August 2020, 09:57

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