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85% of migrants work without contracts, according to the IOM. More than half have university education or technical

Precariousness in Peru, the promised land for the venezuelan people

85% of migrants work without contracts, according to the IOM. More than half have university education or technical

Precariousness in Peru, the promised land for the venezuelan people

Andres Ruiz, 31 years old, arrived a week ago to Lima with a violin as luggage. Graduated in Music by Conservatory of University of los Andes, Merida, (Venezuela), was director of municipal band and gave lessons to over 100 students in a high school. Now, with Darwin Guard, a lawyer of 40 years of ir city, is a street musician.

As Ruiz, over 400,000 venezuelans have come to Peru fleeing crisis in ir country and are attracted by offer of Government employment. Last may, Migration granted a permit extraordinary work, free, and interim to all those migrants from Venezuela, which processed temporary permit of stay which, at same time, gives m access to health and education services.

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The measure allows "activities that generate income in a way subordinate to or independent of", for up to a term of sixty natural days, which, subsequently, may be extended automatically, according to document. But massive influx of venezuelans have collapsed system, and permissions are set back increasingly. The Executive tries to control surge demanding passport of entry to country, as also what has made Ecuador, country of transit to get to Peru.

“The trip to Ecuador lasted for seven days, we slept on floor, with suitcases, I went through border of Rumichaca on days that row was 5,000 to 7,000 people on ecuadorian side,” recalls Ruiz. The money from her two jobs left for him to keep his daughter of three years and ir parents and was launched to make a living in Peru.

This musician lives on a mattress in a room shared with or venezuelans. Every day going to work a street in emporio textile of Gamarra, where retailers have garments manufactured at a low price, and one of areas that receive more migrants. In malls it is common that dependents are venezuelans, and, in streets, young people of same nationality sell coffee, pet items, food, or advertise offers of stores.

According to a survey by International Organization for Migration (IOM), 34% of venezuelans earn minimum wage or less, 85% of m are working without a contract, and 65% have some level of higher education. Most of professional venezuelans who comes to Peru to live for a few days or months unemployed, prepares and sells arepas and coffee, or pass by professions like taxi driver or vigilante.

Yannely Garcia, 21 years of age, had finished his career of accountant (accounting) at University of Andes, and lacked one semester to finish Education. Traveled for six days to Tumbes, Peru, from San Cristobal (Táchira), and now works as a saleswoman in a clothing store for babies, also in Gamarra.

“We are five brors, I traveled to help my family because I was spending a lot of studies: copy, for example, y were very expensive. I've been three months in Peru and first month and a half only thing that I got was to clean apartments, it was exhausting,” she said. “With three months of work I lack little to pay debt of $ 450 which I had to travel to Peru”, although he says that rest of money is going in payment of rent, water, internet and transportation. “Demand a lot of work, although one of everything”, adds young man.

In gallery Santa Lucia, in Gamarra, works Valentin Duarte, 22, who graduated as superior technician in Advertising and Marketing three years ago in Maturín, capital of Monagas State. Lives in Peru a year ago and after three or jobs, now is seller in a position of outfits. “I had never sold on street: I started selling juice (of fruit), n he was folding clos in a shop, and I had a position as a clerk with a lawyer, but people who have more money is to take advantage of and don't want me to pay, that is why I had to leave that job. Perhaps my training has helped me to not be ashamed with public”, he explains.

expand photo Valentin Duarte, a publicist who works selling costumes in Lima. Miguel Mejía job Insecurity and xenophobia

In past three weeks, venezuelans have faced worst brunt of xenophobic since beginning of exodus. Racism has crept into electoral campaign for mayor of Lima. “Venezuelans will decide future of Peru in upcoming elections, because we have a million venezuelans taking work to or peruvians”, is message of one of candidates. However, entity that draws up electoral roll has been reported that only 26 venezuelans will vote in municipal elections in October.

“The venezuelan tends to be explosive and peruvian det, we must not fall into provocation. I've had employers excellent, except that I mentioned: y know how to work with a good intention, he is doing well,” argues Valentin Duarte. “The State has to build an immigration policy that we have not had”, has recognized minister of Labour of Peru, Christian Sanchez.

A journalist with a venezuelan who attends a post of clothing in Gamarra, and that he preferred not to give his name, said that jobs y get reach just to survive: “I will go to Peru, it is not as I had imagined”.

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  • The exodus of venezuela through Andes
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Publish Date : 26 Ağustos 2018 Pazar 12:00

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