The direct taxes have increased by 25% between 2010 and 2017

It really seems that the French taxation has now echoed the olympic motto: "Citius, Altius, Fortius" or "faster, higher, stronger". Faster, as evidenced by

The direct taxes have increased by 25% between 2010 and 2017

It really seems that the French taxation has now echoed the olympic motto: "Citius, Altius, Fortius" or "faster, higher, stronger". Faster, as evidenced by the withholding at the source recently entered into force. And more high, more strong, as evidenced by the recent figures of the Fondation iFRAP in a study on the subject of great national debate and that the Figaro has found. Based on data of Insee and the Directorate General of public Finance, the IFRAPa calculated that since 2010, the direct taxes, which weigh on the income and wealth of households, grew by over 25%! While their weight had stagnated or even slightly declined during the 2000s, the government decisions have resulted in taking 3.3 percentage points more directly in the exchange of French households. The progressive tax remains very strong, the tax focusing on the 10% of richest households, earning more than 4623 euros monthly, and that covers a lot of cases very different.

The direct taxes jump in 7 years

"direct taxes" are here made up of the CSG-CRDS, social contributions, income tax and the movable capital, property taxes, and housing, to the solidarity tax on capital, if any, and rights to inheritance tax (inheritance tax). After a small decrease of 16% to 14.8% of the income base between 2000 and 2010, the latter increased continuously until reaching 18% of the income base in 2017. Over the period, direct taxes have increased by more than 63 billion euros, reaching 250 billion euros in 2017, representing an overall increase of 25.2%.

of course, the reasoning in "basic income" does not understand much if we do not take into account the progressivity is very strong to the French tax. On the basis of the distribution of household incomes, the 10% richest households pay 70% of the income tax, and according to iFRAP, 52% of all direct taxes, or 130 of 250 billion euros in 2017.

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This progressivity is, however, a very slight decrease, as the $ 63.4 billion euros of surcharge on direct taxes, 24.3 billion euros were involved in the last decile of standard of living, or 38% of the total. The reason for this? The increase of the CSG, which is proportional and not progressive, and is intended so everyone on an equal basis, and the relative decline of the tax on movable capital. At the other end of the spectrum, 30% of French people less well-off contribute to 2% of the total direct taxes.

" frameborder="0" scrolling="no" style="border:0;"> of course, it is not "that" direct taxes, and the study does not take into account indirect taxation, that is to say, the VAT and different taxes on products (including fuel, etc.). This indirect taxation has also increased (+2.7 percentage points took the basic income in france according to the iFRAP), and has been partially assumed by the companies.

The 10% of the French the most affluent, a patchwork

But who are these "10% of French people richer", on which rests a large part of the funding of the State? We go into the last decile of the income tax reference with 55.481 euros of annual income, or more, that is, at least 4623,41 euros monthly for a household. And on this decile, on ponctionne on average 37% of income tax.

within these 10% of French things, however, much more complex than a simple class of "French rich." In the field of political debate, it is even mentioned more often than the "1%", percentile ultimate French the more affluent. According to the calculations of the iFRAP, "1%" from about 170,000 euros of annual income, which is a little over 14,000 euros per month. But within these households, what is common between a couple of doctor winner roughly this amount, or a father of a family, head of SME, and one of the 6776 households reported having more than one million euros of income? And what of the heritage, organized in societies and for which the notion of income of natural persons is much more complex? In response, the State tax revenues to 45% beyond 156.245 euros, which is nearly the threshold for entry in the "1%". These 379.000 homes tax pay addition to them only a third of the tax on the income of france!

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The reforms of Macron have made a gift to some tax households?

Asked about the impact of the tax measures taken by the new majority from 2017, Agnès Verdier-Molinié of the Fondation iFRAP puts into perspective the magnitude of the "gift" to the wealthy: "some might say that with the transformation of the TFR in the IFIS and the establishment of collection single flat-rate on income from capital, this may have decreased the pressure on the 10% of the population from 2018, but it speaks to all of a relief of $ 4.5 billion of taxes ($3.2 billion on the ISF, and $ 1.3 billion over the Levy lump-2018)". The total contribution of this decile is 130 billion euros. What's more, for the iFrap, the relief "does not bear fully on the bottom", many households intermediaries as holders of securities. Conversely, the transformation of the TFR in the IFIS has not been profitable for many households, holders of a heritage mainly real estate, only the great heritages being made mostly of shares and securities.

Still, Agnès Verdier-Molinié, taxation is still concentrated very largely on the middle and upper classes: "if one takes the 30% of the population, it is 79% of the sum of the tax which is paid by the latter. Who can still say that the progressive does not exist or is not strong enough? The figures are clear," she concludes.

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Updated Date: 19 February 2019, 00:00

Kathleen Lees


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