Education: Decentralisation and autonomy are not yet the rule

Figaro there will be no great law School, we said Jean-Michel Blanquer at the beginning of the quinquennium... And yet, a law "for a school of trust", was pr

Education: Decentralisation and autonomy are not yet the rule


there will be no great law School, we said Jean-Michel Blanquer at the beginning of the quinquennium... And yet, a law "for a school of trust", was presented at the beginning of December. Almost unnoticed because of the "yellow vests" that have largely overshadowed this news, the text has a few important steps.

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The project begins with the following reminder: "the staff of the educational community contribute to the establishment of the trust relationship" between the students, their families, and the national Education, but "this link also implies the respect of the students and their families to respect the school and all its personnel". As a response to teachers who, in September, had highlighted the lack of support from their hierarchy in the face of students and parents virulent. If this reminder is a good thing, he should regret that the act does not go further... but Jean-Michel Blanquer himself had referred to the idea of more severe penalties against students that are difficult and their parents for more accountability (such as the possibility of suspending family allowances). A plan of action to combat violence in school on this subject should be presented in December, but is now shifted to the beginning of 2019.

Obligation of instruction from three years old

then Follows the flagship measure of the text if we are to believe the government: the obligation of the instruction as three years of age. Already 98.9% of children three years of age are enrolled in school in France, but their rate of enrolment in the DOM can fall to around 85% (in French Guiana and Mayotte): 26 000 children would be affected. This allows the government to mark the occasion of the "first-degree" and as a result, additional resources will be granted to the first level (under-endowed relative to the second degree). The communities, themselves, have the obligation to support the running costs of the private kindergartens. A good proposal, because the private education expenditure is systematically less, and this for the same missions, that the public education system.

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on the side Of the operation, the government takes a series of measures that will make noise since the law organizes the policy for the assessment of institutions by the creation of a board of assessment to the school: a promise of Emmanuel Macron, and a measure that irritate the unions, who see it as a "competition". It will, however, create transparency on the state of the education system. Another point of contention: the strengthening of the control of the ministry of Education on the ESPE, teacher training bodies, which become higher national Institutes of professorship and education. Now, this will be the ministry of national Education, which will decide the frame of reference for training while the managers will be recruited after a hearing by a committee chaired by the rector and the president of the institution of affiliation of the institute. The project also proposes the development of pre-recruitment by providing educational assistants, who are in training, teaching, functions of teaching and learning within institutions. A measure... again denounced by the trade unions, who see it as an infringement of the public status.

The law also confirms the "regionalization" of the rectorats to January 1, 2020. A rationalisation welcome which should help to reduce the number of rectorats, 17 to 13, and of academies (30 academies and 97 departmental services of national Education). This reorganization of the contours and operation of the academies must be done by ordinance.

Greater flexibility

Finally, two structural measures to complete the project and should allow more flexibility and weight to local actors, including municipalities and facility managers.

- The first allows local authorities to create institutions of local government international education on the model of the european school of Strasbourg.

- The second will facilitate the conduct of experiments in the facilities. These experiments allow the institutions to derogate from the education Code on a perimeter which is now expanded... and who will be able to modify the classroom organization, the allocation of teaching hours, or the referral procedures for students, etc. - These experiments will be limited to a period of five years prior to an assessment to determine discontinuation or renewal.

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Thus, if it appears that the government and the minister of Education will go still further in their speeches that in the achievements, this act (a bit of a catch-all) presents some good tracks to streamline the training of teachers, the organization of decentralized services of the State, and allow the experiments. Good bases, so even if the decentralization and autonomy are not yet the rule. 6/10


The Macronomètre, the observatory of reforms in the government, is a site of the Fondation iFRAP in partnership with The It is a tool dedicated to the assessment of the quinquennium of Emmanuel Macron: econometric evaluation in relation to its electoral programme and announcements of his government. With The Macronomètre, the action of the government is to be marked out of 10 each Wednesday prior to the council of ministers and becomes readable in a single glance. The Macronomètre allows each to make a notice on the holding or not of the promises of the president of the Republic and on the effectiveness of the reforms of the government.

Updated Date: 20 December 2018, 02:00

Kathleen Lees


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