Seven numbers to know about the French economy

Population, development, industry, income, unemployment, consumption... The Insee does not leave any topic aside in its annual the Tables of the French economy,

Seven numbers to know about the French economy

Population, development, industry, income, unemployment, consumption... The Insee does not leave any topic aside in its annual the Tables of the French economy, published on Tuesday. A record of 278 pages, to draw up a picture of the most faithful of France. Here are the key numbers to remember, by adding the number unveiled this morning for the growth in 2018 is 1.6%.

66.993 million inhabitants

January 1, 2019, France had 66.993 million inhabitants, of which 64.812 million in metropolitan france. Year on year, this represents an increase of 202.000 people, or 0.3%. France has so for 13% of the european population and is the second most populated country in the continent, after Germany (82.9 million inhabitants). The report also notes that "seven people out of ten EU live in the six most populous countries, namely Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Italy, Spain and Poland. Insee also noted that one French person in five is aged 65 years or more, a one in ten aged 75 years or older and that half of the population belongs to the age group 20-59 years. " frameborder="0" scrolling="no" style="border:0;">

● the unemployment rate down to 9.4%

"In 2017, according to the survey of Employment, France (excluding Mayotte) account for 2.8 million of the unemployed within the meaning of the international labour Office (ILO)," a note on the table. The unemployment rate is, therefore, to 9.4%, down 0.7 points compared to 2016. Between 2016 and 2017, the unemployment rate among young people (15-24 years) has decreased very significantly, 2.3 percentage points, but still amounts to 22.3%. It amounted to 8.8% among the 25-49 year-olds and 6.6% among those over 50 years old.

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Insee also noted that the proportion of persons 30 to 34 year olds with higher education increased steadily, from 31.5% in 2002 to 44.3% in 2017. "This dynamic is more pronounced for women than for men," says the Institute.

● Tourism: 429 million overnight stays in France in 2017, a record

The attendance of collective tourist accommodation in metropolitan France in 2017 rose 5.6% to $ 429 million nights, a record. "The year 2017 is a lot more than offset the lower dynamism observed in 2015 and 2016", note the authors of the table. At the head of the most visited places we find Disneyland with 14.860.000 entries, far in front of the museum of the Louvre (8 million), Versailles (7.7 million), the Eiffel Tower (6.2 million), or the Puy du Fou (2.2 million).

In terms of international tourism receipts, France ranks at the third position in the world with 53.7 billion euros, far behind the United States (186,6 billion) and Spain (60.3 billion).

● 323,5 million tonnes of waste generated in 2016

All sectors, the production of waste in 2016 was 323,5 million tonnes. Breaking down this figure, the construction sector is responsible for a large part, with 224 million tonnes (including due heavy materials, grade Insee). The production of waste in households amounted to 29.2 million tons. Also, the recycling rate of waste has increased from 17% in 2007 to 24% in 2017. A conclusion "rather encouraging," says Insee.

● Innovation: 10.500 patents filed at the european scale, far behind Germany

In 2017, 16.250 patent applications have been filed at the national Institute of industrial property (INPI), a modest increase of 0.6% year on year, but in steady decline since 2011. Also, 90.500 first deposits marks were observed, as well as 31.600 renewals of marks. At the european level, France is very far from Germany. Indeed, beyond the Rhine, 25.490 patent applications have been filed with the european patent Office, compared to between 10,500 in France.

"The sector of information and communication continues to be the most active in terms of innovation: 73 % of the companies in this sector have innovated between 2014 and 2016, have the authors of the report. In second place is the industry scientific and technical, with 59% of innovative companies.

Agriculture: 11% of farms less than in 2010.

In metropolitan France, the number of agricultural holdings have steadily fallen since 2010 (-11% over the period). There are now a little bit less than 440.000. It should also be noted that these farms grow also year-to-year, to 63 hectares in average. The work of the Insee has also been a feminization notable of agriculture.

● Media: 81% of French people have used the internet in the last three months

It is a figure sharply higher, naturally. If less than two-thirds of the French had responded to have used internet in the last three months in 2009, they are now 81%. The older ones in particular have caught a part of their delay on the subject. "The practices are growing and becoming more diversified and, among them, the shopping and online sales are increasingly popular," notes the Insee, which also puts a highlight a strong development of the mobile internet. In 2017, more than six out of ten people have already sailed on the internet outside of home or their place of work. This figure was 18% in 2009. The park active 4G account today to 41.6 million subscriptions, equivalent to 30.5% more than one year. Also, more than noticeable, the many SMS/MMS issued has decreased 7.8% from a year earlier to 205 billion 189 billion.

Updated Date: 27 March 2019, 00:00

Kathleen Lees


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