The degressivity of the unemployment benefits... Yes, but not just for the frames !

Since November, the seventh month of their unemployment insurance, executives under the age of 57 years old Le Figaro revenues were in excess of 4500 euros gr

The degressivity of the unemployment benefits... Yes, but not just for the frames !

Since November, the seventh month of their unemployment insurance, executives under the age of 57 years old

Le Figaro

revenues were in excess of 4500 euros gross per month will see their unemployment benefit, a cut of 30%.

" READ ALSO - Reform of unemployment insurance: haro frames

Strange to target the frames as they are largely net contributors to unemployment Insurance: according to the CFE-CGC, their contributions represent 42% of the total while they only receive 15% of the benefits.

The government defends itself by arguing that the frames remain longer, on average, unemployment: 475 days for the salary between 3000 and 4000 euros, 575 days to the salaries of more than 5000 euros, and this, while on average, a job seeker remains enrolled 383 days in France. The government forgets, however, that the frames are very much in the minority among job seekers.

The reform, therefore, the executives in the situation of supporters while punishing their high income.

A source of weak economy

as Soon as 2020, between 1000 and 2000 recipients, according to figures from the Unédic, should be affected by this measure for an economy of about $ 200 million. A reduced impact, therefore. Single thinning: the allowance will not be less than the floor set at 2261 euros net per month (we find, by the way, this dichotomy between the most and least 2000 euros per month dear to the government).

However, the degressivity of unemployment benefits may allow substantial savings, provided you enter the unemployment benefits on a sliding scale... for all, and not only for executives. In Spain: an applicant for employment affects 70% of his former wage for 6 months, then 50% up to a year and a half. In Belgium, it will affect 60% of his old salary for 3 months, then 40 or 60% depending on the family situation. And in Sweden, the replacement rate is 80% at the opening of the rights (with a benefit ceiling for all set at 1885 euros), before falling to 70% after 200 days for a maximum period of fourteen months. But all job seekers are housed in the same boat.

Non-phased reduction in contributions

in addition, there is the question of the non-phased reduction in contributions: to reach minimum, the executives will contribute as much as ever in CSG for the part and pay the premium (4% - one of the highest in Europe) for the part of the employer, up to a ceiling of income not reduced to 13.508 euros per month! During this time in Europe, when one imposes a ceiling on rights, it maxes out as the basis of assessment of contributions to approximately 6000 euros in Germany, at 3700 euros in Spain, or, to 4500 in the netherlands...

It is understood here that this measure is not intended to be fair but to take the bitterness of the reform - self-also - methods of calculation of unemployment insurance.

" READ ALSO - unemployment Insurance: the massive effect of the reform is confirmed.

This display is clearly a blow to the fairness of the system. The gradual decrease in the seventh month would make no sense if it were in the face of contributions made by the employer to the unemployment. Cap rights requests logically, as elsewhere in Europe, cap contributions.

Le Figaro

The Macronomètre, the observatory of reforms in the government, is a site of the Fondation iFRAP in partnership with The Figaro.fr. It is a tool dedicated to the assessment of the quinquennium of Emmanuel Macron: econometric evaluation in relation to its electoral programme and announcements of his government. With The Macronomètre, the action of the government is to be marked out of 10 each Wednesday prior to the council of ministers and becomes readable in a single glance. The Macronomètre allows each to make a notice on the holding or not of the promises of the president of the Republic and on the effectiveness of the reforms of the government.

Updated Date: 26 September 2019, 00:00

Kathleen Lees

Lees


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