What is the city hall of Paris, with the data of the scooters electric ?

instead of polluting the sidewalks, the scooters electrical might on the contrary help the women of Paris and Parisians to better circulate in their city. It is

What is the city hall of Paris, with the data of the scooters electric ?

instead of polluting the sidewalks, the scooters electrical might on the contrary help the women of Paris and Parisians to better circulate in their city. It is the aim of the municipal teams from the capital city who have been signed to twelve operators of scooters electrical activity in the town a charter of "good conduct" in early may. Co-written with the three companies that dominate the market of paris: Lime, Bird and Bolt (which comes to temporarily suspend its fleet to Paris, editor's NOTE), this text stipulates that they must provide to the municipality data on the movement and use of their vehicles". Such a device is the subject of an article in the text of the Act Orientation and Mobility, passed on June 18, but not yet promulgated. He joined a series of other proposals, unveiled by the mayor of Paris Anne Hidalgo on June 6, to regulate the use of these electric vehicles. Even if it is a good start, the municipal teams asking for more power to the actors of this market in full explosion.

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For the moment, the charter allows them to have access to the data of the positions of the scooters in the city at regular intervals on the day. Every three hours, a set of 20,000 data, the equivalent of the number of devices in circulation in Paris, is sent to the agents of the technical services of the city of the pole "Innovation and research". They allow you to know where exactly the scooters at a given time. This valuable information help the agents to adjust the locations of 2,500 parking spaces that are specific to the scooters that are being created in collaboration with the Apur (Atelier parisien d'urbanisme). "Thanks to the data collected, we are going to know what a station of the metro, Velib or any pedestrian crossing give priority to our parking spaces according to the movement of scooters from point a to point B," explains Pierre Musseau, responsible for component smart city and sustainable to the city hall of Paris.

to Have access to "streaming data"

In the longer term, the municipal officials are considering a future access to the "streaming data" of scooters. This would allow them to track positions in real-time and without interruption of the vehicle and then analyze their move 24h/24 and not only every three hours like today. Thanks to them, the city council could learn more about the life of the scooters - that are now estimated to three months on average - and to be able to avoid leaving vehicles with broken or abandoned to loiter in the streets or in the Seine. The town hall will also in this case access to the positions of the places of charging of scooters and think thus to be able to avoid bad surprises as the fires related to the power surge from the power outlets to which they are connected.

Fearing the exposure of their information to the competition or security vulnerabilities, the operators do not wish to collaborate more. Logical response to Sebastian Schulz, sector specialist and founder of the firm 15marches: "They don't want their data to be used any how and are afraid of losing control. Because if that happens they do not comply with the guarantees that they have promised to their customers". A simple "posture" according to Ishan Bhojwani, expert mobility in beta.gouv.fr the platform that manages the digital transition of public enterprises. "The example of Lime, the market leader, is very telling. They refuse to open more of their data while on the other hand, some platforms of navigation, such as CityMapper, have already access in the entire through the "scrapping", a technique of automated data extraction. The competition may already have an eye on it, if it wishes," he explains. Lime defends himself and sharing his data on a continuous basis with the municipality of Paris since "the end of the month of April, with a goal of collaboration with the authorities," according to one of its spokespersons.

The United States leading

For their part, public officials can not imitate CityMapper in "scrappant" data from operators. In some cases, where sensitive data are recovered, this operation is illegal. Knowing that the law LOM will be enacted in September, they would be liable to possible claims on the part of operators who would benefit from this legal vacuum to counter-attack. "In two years, we'll be more armed and we already have the first returns through the act. We will see this time if we will ask for more data to operators of scooters" stalling, the deputy Jean-Marc Zulesi, national manager mobility for The Republic in March.

other cities are more advanced, particularly in the United States, countries of origin of most of the operators of scooters. While San Francisco or Nashville have purely and simply prohibited by the fleets of scooters electric in their streets, Los Angeles has developed a digital device called a"Moblity Data Specification (MDS)". Fifty cities across the Atlantic the use. It allows the grouping of the location of the scooters in real-time. It helps municipal officials to build bicycle paths adapted to the use of the inhabitants, for example. The operators are obliged to accept this sharing of data to obtain an operating license for a year in the cities in question. In the opposite case, their fleet can be removed from the pad after 30 days. Some municipalities have used this tool in the future to regulate other means of transport type autonomous cars or drones.

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Date Of Update: 10 Temmuz 2019, 00:00

Kathleen Lees

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